View of the Undercliffe Cemetery Promenade

Francis Simpson, Tallow Chandler

Map Number







B 11

Francis Simpson

Tallow Chandler


1791 - 1859

Tallow Chandler

Did you know…?

  • Candles were used to provide illumination before electric lighting was invented, including street lighting (gas light was introduced in the 1800s and electric light in the 1900s).
  • A chandler was someone who made or sold candles.
  • The candles in general use now are made from paraffin wax; more expensive candles are made from bees wax. Bees wax candles have been used to light places of worship for centuries, but people used tallow candles to light their homes as these were cheaper to make.
  • Tallow was made by melting down fat from animals such as sheep or cattle. Although tallow declined in popularity for use in making candles before the Victorian era, chandlers saw a new demand for their tallow as a raw material for making soap. The soap industry was booming in the second half of the nineteenth century as people became more concerned with hygiene.
  • The Worshipful Company of Tallow Chandlers was set up to regulate candle making, gaining a coat of arms in 1456. There is  still a Tallow Chandlers’ Hall in London.
  • Links (The Worshipful Company of Tallow Chandlers)

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